:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (Autumn 2022) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(3): 263-274 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of BASNEF Model-Based Education on Preventive Behavior of Leishmaniosis in High School Students
Ali Bagheri, Reza Jorvand , Sareh Khatoon Shakerian Rostami *
Abstract:   (956 Views)
Background and Objectives: Cutaneous leishmaniosis is a public health problem in many tropical regions of the country which is of great importance due to the formation of lesions on the body of patients. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of education based on BASNEF model on the control of cutaneous leishmaniosis in high school students in Dehloran in 2021. 

Materials and Methods: The present study was performed as an intervention method with a control group on 100 high school students in Dehloran city, who were included in the study by random cluster sampling. Data collection tool was a standard Ghodsi questionnaire consisting of 36 questions based on knowledge and constructs of BASNEF model (individual beliefs, normative beliefs, abstract norms, enabling factors, behavioral beliefs, intentional behavior and behavior). The results were analyzed using Spss 23 software by descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of covariance. 

Results: The findings of multivariate analysis of variance in post-test and follow-up were significant (P value ≤ 0.05) for all four tests: Pillais Trace, Wilks Lambda, Hotelling's, Trace Roy's Largest Root. The results of analysis of variance after controlling the effect of pre-test indicate the effect of intervention on all components in the post-test (P value ≤ 0.05).  But findings of behavioral beliefs, intentional behavior and behavior not significant (P value≥ 0.05) in the follow-up period.

Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that the implementation of educational interventions based on health promotion models can have a significant impact on the success of leishmaniasis prevention and control programs
Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniosis, BASNEF Model, High school students, Education
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2021/08/8 | Accepted: 2022/03/2
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