:: دوره 6، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1397 ) ::
جلد 6 شماره 1 صفحات 29-38 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
ارزیابی موانع و فواید درک‌شدۀ مصرف لبنیات در زنان ساکن شهر تهران
ناهید خلدی، اشرف پیراسته، کبری خاجوی شجاعی ، اکبر شیخانی، فرید زایری، المیرا مسکین
چکیده:   (834 مشاهده)

زمینه و هدف: لبنیات از مهم­ترین مواد غذایی مصرفی است که برای حفظ سلامت اهمیت دارد، اما مصرف این مادۀ غذایی در ایران ناکافی است. در این مطالعه فواید و موانع درک­شدۀ مصرف لبنیات در زنان شهر تهران بررسی شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: این مطالعه به­صورت مقطعی، توصیفی و تحلیلی انجام شد و۴۰۰ زن که زیر پوشش مراکز بهداشتی تهران بودند، در آن مشارکت کردند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات پرسش­نامه‌ای بود شامل ۳ قسمت: پرسش­نامۀ استاندارد بسامد مصرف لبنیات، اطلاعات دموگرافیک و پرسش­نامۀ استاندارد مربوط به موانع و فواید درک­شده. داده‌ها با نرم­افزار SPSS  و آزمون­های همبستگی اسپیرمن، من ـ ویتنی و کروسکال والیس آنالیز شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین سنی زنان ۱۱/۹±۳۷ سال بود. بیشترین بسامد مصرف، مربوط به پنیر بود. ۷۸/۱ % از زنان روزانه سهم کافی از لبنیات مصرف می­کردند. مهم­ترین فایده از نظر زنان حفظ سلامت استخوان­ها و دندان­ها و مهم­ترین مانع درک­شده، قیمت این محصولات بود. سهم مصرفی لبنیات با سطح تحصیلات ۰/۰۱> (Pو وضعیت تأهل ) ۰/۰۴> (P رابطۀ معنیدار داشت. فواید درک­شده با سهم مصرف لبنیات همبستگی مثبت و موانع درک­شده با سهم مصرفی لبنیات همبستگی منفی داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: این مطالعه نشان داد که اگرچه قیمت از موانع مهم مصرف ناکافی لبنیات است، اما با افزایش دانش و فواید درک­شده، زنان لبنیات بیشتری مصرف می­کنند. برای ارتقای الگوی غذایی پیشنهاد می­شود نه فقط آگاهی زنان دربارۀ فواید مصرف لبنیات افزایش یابد؛ بلکه به قیمت محصولات لبنی نیز توجه شود.

واژه‌های کلیدی: مصرف لبنیات، موانع درک‌شده، فواید درک‌شده، زنان
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: آموزش تغذیه
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دوره 6، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها