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:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter-2018 2017) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2017, 5(4): 260-269 Back to browse issues page
Application of Health Belief Model (HBM) to Promote Preventive Behaviors Against Iron-deficiency Anemia Among Female Students of High School Fereydan City: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Hamed Mirzaei , Davoud Shojaeizadeh , Azar Tol , Saeedeh Ghasemi ghale ghasemi , Mahboube Shirzad
Abstract:   (1459 Views)

Background and objective: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional problem in the world and is one of the main cause of anemia, especially in girls. The aim of this study was to evaluate the educational intervention program based on Health Belief Model (HBM) to increase preventive manners against iron-deficiency. 
Material and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 128  female students of high schools in the second grade Friedan city in 2015. They were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire including demographic characteristics, HBM constructs and health performance questionnaires which were used after confirmation of validity and reliability of the tool. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, paired and independent t-test in SPSS 22 software.
Results: Before training, there was not a significant difference in the mean scores of the health belief model constructs and health function between two groups, (p > 0.05). But three months after intervention, the mean scores of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, perceived self-efficacy, practice guidance and health performance were significantly different between two groups (p <0.001). 
Conclusion: Education based on HBM has been effective in promoting the preventive behaviors of iron deficiency anemia, therefore this model can be used as a framework for designing and performing education interventions to prevent iron deficiency anemia. 
 

Keywords: educational intervention, iron deficiency anemia, Health Belief Model (HBM), High School Students
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Type of Study: Research |
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Mirzaei H, Shojaeizadeh D, Tol A, Ghasemi ghale ghasemi S, Shirzad M. Application of Health Belief Model (HBM) to Promote Preventive Behaviors Against Iron-deficiency Anemia Among Female Students of High School Fereydan City: A Quasi-Experimental Study . Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2017; 5 (4) :260-269
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-698-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter-2018 2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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