[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
Publication Ethics::
Editorial policy::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Citation Impact
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
COPE Membership


Creative Commons Licence
Open access
:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2023) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2023, 11(2): 215-224 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the effect of educational intervention based on the health belief model on beliefs related to the prevention of dyslipidemia in women
Tooba Kazemi , Mitra Moodi , Zahra Vahdaninya , Fatemeh Khosravi Chahak , Elahe Tavassoli , Saeede Khosravi Pizhaem , Masome Yonesi , Fatemeh Baghernezhad *
Abstract:   (820 Views)
Background and objectives: Dyslipidemia is one of the most common modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. One of the most important strategies for controlling dyslipidemia is improving lifestyle. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of educational intervention on beliefs related to the prevention of dyslipidemia in women.

Material and Methods: The current study is a semi-experimental type that was conducted on 80 women who referred to comprehensive health service centers in Tabas city. Sampling was done in several stages. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that was completed before and one month after the intervention. The educational intervention based on the health belief model included two group training sessions and presentation of an educational booklet. Data was collected based on SPSS software version 21 and analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical tests. The significance level of the tests was considered less than 0. 05.

Results: The average score of perceived intensity in the test group after the intervention has increased significantly compared to the control group and the average score has increased from 12.45 to 13.13(p=0.003). The average score of perceived barriers in the test group has also decreased from 29.62 to 27.44(p=0/011). The average perceived self-efficacy score in the test group increased from 30.18 to 32.16, which was a significant increase compared to the control group(p=0/019).

Conclusion: Considering the effect of the intervention on improving some constructs such as perceived severity, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, it can be concluded that the educational intervention based on the health belief model can be effective in promoting beliefs related to preventive behaviors of dyslipidemia.

Keywords: dyslipidemia, health belief model, educational intervention
Full-Text [PDF 536 kb]   (483 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2022/11/30 | Accepted: 2023/04/27
1. Su Hwan C, ong-Soo H, In Young C, Oh Deok K, Sun Young P, Ho Jun K. The Association between Lifestyle Therapy and Dyslipidemia Control in Korean Adults: The Fourth to Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2015). korean journal of family practice. 2018;8(6):808-19. [DOI:10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.6.808]
2. Jayakumari Cea. Lipid Profile in Indian Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The Scope for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction. Diabetes spectrum : a publication of the American Diabetes Association. 2020;33(4):299-306. [DOI:10.2337/ds19-0046] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. al. LRESe. Socioeconomic status and education level are associated with dyslipidemia in adults not taking lipid-lowering medication: apopulation-based study. Int Health. 2019;00:1-8.
4. Peng K, Cai W, Liu Xea. Trends of Hypercholesterolemia Change in Shenzhen, China During 1997-2018. Front Public Health. 2022;10:887065. [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2022.887065] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Qiu L, Wang W, Sa R, Liu F. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension, Diabetes, and Dyslipidemia among Adults in Northwest China. Int J Hypertens. 2021(5528007). [DOI:10.1155/2021/5528007] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Opoku S, Gan Y, Yobo Eea. Awareness, treatment, control, and determinants of dyslipidemia among adults in China. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):10056. [DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-89401-2] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Kim S, Kwon O, Kim K. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia among diabetes mellitus patients and predictors of optimal dyslipidemia control: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Lipids Health Dis. 2021;20(1):29. [DOI:10.1186/s12944-021-01455-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Lee j, Po-yin C, Zhang Y, Kizer j, Best L, Howard B. Triglyceride and HDl -C Dyslipidemia and Risks of Coronary Heart Disease and Ischemic stroke by Glycemic Dysregulation Status: The strong Heart Study. Diabetes care. 2017;40(4):529-37. [DOI:10.2337/dc16-1958] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. al MFe. Statin treatment and serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) level in the Birjand elderly dwellers: Birjand Longitudinal Aging Study (BLAS) Wave3. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. 2022;21:151-7. [DOI:10.1007/s40200-021-00950-9] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Mazloomy Mahmoodabad SS, Tehrani H, Gholian-Aval M, Gholami H, Nematy M. The effect of social class on the amount of salt intake in patients with hypertension. Blood pressure. 2016;25(6):360-3. [DOI:10.1080/08037051.2016.1179508] [PMID]
11. Liang N, Zhao Q, He Y, Li J, Yang L. Development and Validity of a Questionnaire on Dyslipidemia Dietary Knowledge. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019:5382130. [DOI:10.1155/2019/5382130] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Class S, Arnett D. The role of Healty lifestyle in primordial prevention of cardiovascular Disease Current cardiology Report. 2016;18(56). [DOI:10.1007/s11886-016-0728-7] [PMID]
13. Pem D, Jeewon R. Fruit and vegetable Intake - Benefits and progress of Nutrition Education Interventions . Narrative -Review Article Iranian journal of public health. 2015;44(10):1309-21.
14. Saffari M, Shojaeizadeh D, Ghofranipour A, pakpour A. Health education & promotion Theories, Models & Methods Tehran, Iran: Sobhan; 2013.
15. Karimy M, Araban M, Zareban I, Taher M, Abedi A. Determinants of adherence to self-care behavior among women with type 2 diabetes: an explanation based on health belief model. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2016;30:368.
16. al. Ce. Associations between age and dyslipidemia are differed by education level: The Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center (CMERC) cohort. Lipids in Health and Disease. 2020;19(12). [DOI:10.1186/s12944-020-1189-y] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Krakowiak J, Raczkiewicz D, Wdowiak A, Cichońska D, Bojar I. Atherogenic lipid profile and health behaviours in women post-menopause working in agriculture. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2019;26(4):585-91. [DOI:10.26444/aaem/105391] [PMID]
18. Jackson C, Sudlow C, Mishra G. Education, sex and risk of stroke: a prospective cohort study in New South Wales, Australia. BMJ Open. 2018;8(9):e024070. [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024070] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Borji M, Azami M, Amir Khani M, Bastami M, Salimi E, Jahromi A. The effect of education about The risk factors of myocardial infractions based on health belief model on Knowledge and attitudes of patients with myocardial infraction in Shahid Mostafa Hospital in Ilam. Vulnerable Nursing Journal. 2016;3(6):37-47.
20. Fani N, Mohebbi A, Sadeghi R, Tol A, Shamshiri A. Assessing the effect of educational Intervention on promoting nutrition adherence among patients with Type 2 diabetes Referee to South health center of Tehran univresity of Medical Sciences: Application of health belief Model Iranian journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2017;1(17):13-22.
21. al LLZe. Health beliefs and desire to improve cholesterol levels among patients with hyperlipidemia. Patient Educ Couns. 2016;99(5):830-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.pec.2015.11.025] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Shojaei S, Farhadloo R, Aein A, Vahedian M. Effects of the Health Belief Model (HBM)-Based Educational Program on the Nutritional Knowledge and Behaviors of CABG Patients. J Teh Univ Heart Ctr 2016;11(4):181-6.
23. Tharmaratnam Tea. The Role of Physical Activity Prescription in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Amongst South Asian Canadians. Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine. 2018;5165(14). [DOI:10.3389/fcvm.2018.00165] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Trautwein EA, McKay S. The Role of Specific Components of a Plant-Based Diet in Management of Dyslipidemia and the Impact on Cardiovascular Risk. nutrients. 2020;12(2671):1-21. [DOI:10.3390/nu12092671] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Baji Z, Baesi A, Shakerinejad G, Tehrani M, Hajinajaf S, Jarvandi F. The effect of education Based on health Belief Model on Eating behaviors and weight control on female high school students in Ahwaz. Journal of health Education and Health Promotion. 2018;6(3):231-40. [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijhehp.6.3.231]
26. Chatripour R, Shojaeizadeh D, Tol A, Sayehmiri K, Asfeia A. The impact of teacher education on promoting Knowledge , attitude and performance of students in pervention of cardiovascular disease. Application of HBM Model Razi journal of Medical sciences. 2016;23(146):25-35. [DOI:10.29252/sjimu.25.2.35]
27. Sadeghi R, Rezaeian M, Khanjani N, Iranpour A. The Applied of health belief Model in Knowledge , Attitude and practice in people Referred for diabetes screening program . An Educational Trial. journal Rafsanjan university Medical Sciences. 2014;11(13):1061-73.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: IR.BUMS.REC.1399.133
Clinical trials code: 5222

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi T, Moodi M, Vahdaninya Z, Khosravi Chahak F, Tavassoli E, Khosravi Pizhaem S, et al . Investigating the effect of educational intervention based on the health belief model on beliefs related to the prevention of dyslipidemia in women. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2023; 11 (2) :215-224
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-2347-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 43 queries by YEKTAWEB 4624