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:: دوره 8، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1399 1399 ) ::
جلد 8 شماره 1 صفحات 57-71 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
شناسایی عوامل محیط اجتماعی- فرهنگی موثر بر فعالیت بدنی دانشجویان : یک مطالعه کیفی
اکرم صادقپور ، محمد احسانی* ، مرجان صفاری ، فرشته زمانی علویجه
چکیده:   (502 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: ترویج شیوه زندگی فعال دانشجویان از طریق مطالعات مربوط به فعالیت بدنی مقدور می باشد. بنابراین این مطالعه با هدف شناسایی عوامل محیط اجتماعی- فرهنگی موثر در فعالیت بدنی دانشجویان انجام گرفت.  

مواد و روش ها: روش پژوهش کیفی و از نوع تحلیل محتوا بود که با رویکرد استقرایی-قیاسی بود. مشارکت کنندگان 23 نفر ( 20 مرد و 3 زن) از خبرگان و اساتید فعالیت بدنی و 16 دانشجو ( 7زن و 9 مرد) بودند که با انجام 21 مصاحبه با اساتید و 2 جلسه کانونی با دانشجویان به اشباع نظری رسید. اساتید به روش نمونه گیری گلوله برفی و دانشجویان به روش تصادفی در جلسات کانونی قرارگرفتند. مصاحبه ها بصورت نیمه‌ساختاریافته بود و داده ها هم‌زمان جمع‌آوری و بصورت دستی تجزیه‌وتحلیل شدند.

یافته ها: در بررسی عوامل اجتماعی مرتبط با فعالیت بدنی، 3 مقوله اصلی نقش خانواده و دوستان، با زیر مقوله های (همراهی، الگو بودن، تسهیل گر بودن، حمایت ابزاری و مستقیم) ، حمایت مربیان و کارشناسان ورزشی (حمایت ارتباطی، حمایت از شایستگی و استقلال، تقویت جو اخلاق اجتماعی) و موانع هنجاری و فرهنگی( قوائد جنسیتی فرهنگی و کلیشه ها و تفاوت های جنسیتی) استخراج گردید.

 نتیجه گیری: متغیر های شناسایی شده پژوهش در تحقق رفتار فعالیت بدنی دانشجویان  اهمیت داشته و به سازمان های مرتبط از جمله وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه ها و دیگر حوزه های مرتبط جهت برنامه ریزی ارتقاء سلامت و ایجاد سبک زندگی سالم  برای دانشجویان کمک می نماید.

 
واژه‌های کلیدی: محیط اجتماعی- فرهنگی، دانشجویان، فعالیت بدنی، مطالعه کیفی
متن کامل [PDF 539 kb]   (136 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت
دریافت: 1398/4/26 | پذیرش: 1398/8/20
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Sadeghpour A, Ehsani M, saffari M, Zamani Alavijeh F. Identification of the factors of socio-cultural environment affecting the physical activity students: a qualitative study. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2020; 8 (1) :57-71
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1296-fa.html

صادقپور اکرم، احسانی محمد، صفاری مرجان، زمانی علویجه فرشته. شناسایی عوامل محیط اجتماعی- فرهنگی موثر بر فعالیت بدنی دانشجویان : یک مطالعه کیفی. آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت. 1399; 8 (1) :57-71

URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1296-fa.html



دوره 8، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1399 1399 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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