:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2017) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2017, 4(4): 271-280 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Mammography among Bushehrian Teachers
Esmat Heydari Miss, Azita Noroozi Dr *, Rahim Tahmasebi Dr
Abstract:   (4782 Views)

Background and objective: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. One of the ways to decrease the death due to breast cancer is early detection through mammography. This study considered the impact of education based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on teachers using mammography in Bushehr.

Materials and methods: The current study was a random clinical trial which included of 120 teachers over 40 years old. The teachers were randomly divided in two groups. The teachers of intervention group received two sessions education based on HBM. Both groups fill out the Champion Questionnaire before, immediately and three months after education. Mammography performance considered before and three months after study in two groups.

Results: The comparison of mean scores of constructs between two groups showed significant difference in knowledge, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and health motivation (p< 0.05), but there was no significant difference in perceived susceptibility and severity (p> 0.05). Mammography performance increased significantly in the intervention group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Group education with limited sessions had desirable effect in increasing knowledge of teachers about breast cancer and mammography performance. So, it is recommended to design and perform the group education programs based on HBM for women from different groups.

Paper Type: Research Article.

Keywords: Mammography, Breast Cancer, Health Belief Model, Group Education, Teachers
Full-Text [PDF 304 kb]   (2127 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/08/16 | Accepted: 2017/01/30

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2017) Back to browse issues page