:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (FAll 2016) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2016, 4(3): 236-243 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Breakfast Consumption among Elementary School Students in Ahwaz Based on BASNEF Model
Seyed Abolhassan Naghibi *, Maryam Ahmadi, Atena Ramezani
Abstract:   (6653 Views)

Background and objective: Consuming breakfast are effective in health promotion, memory, learning and cognitive functioning among school children. This study was designed to evaluate the consumption of breakfast among students based on BASNEF model.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried on 504 elementary school students who were selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method. Using a BASNEF model, attitude and enabling factors and subjective norms were examined. Data analysis was performed using SPSS21 and descriptive statistics and chi-square test.

Results: 63% of students had no knowledge about the impact of breakfast, 30% moderate and 7% had poor knowledge about it. 49.9% of the students sometimes, 17.5% always, and 32.6% never ate snacks. There were significant relationship between knowledge and practice (p < 0.05). The most important factor of eating snacks, among the subjective norms structure was mothers with 66.4%, and among empowering structures it was related to the crowded school buffet (40.2%) and bag becoming heavy (38%).

Conclusion: Due to the special role of mothers on students’ breakfast consumption, empowerment and proper functioning of mothers, along with educating students about consuming complete breakfast can improve their nutritional behavior.

Paper Type: Research Article.

Keywords: Breakfast, BASNEF model, Elementary school students, Ahvaz.
Full-Text [PDF 259 kb]   (2184 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/12/7 | Accepted: 2016/08/9



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