:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (Spring 2018) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018, 6(1): 1-11 Back to browse issues page
Study on the Effect of Educational Intervention based on Health Belief Model to Prevent the Arbitrary Use of Drugs in Women Referring to Health Centers of Bandar Abbas
Sedigheh Rezaei Jaberee , Laleh Hassani , Teamur Aghamolaei , Shokrollah Mohseni , Habib Islamic
Abstract:   (2098 Views)

Background and Objective: Self-medication is a serious health problem. So this study aimed to study the impact of educational intervention based on health belief model in order to prevent arbitrary use of drugs among women in health centers in Bandar Abbas.
Methods: This study was interventional, semi-experimental and controlled (before and after). 180 women who referred to health centers have participated in this study and were divided randomly into two groups. The data collection method was a questionnaire based on Health Belief Model constructs and a checklist for self-medication use. The questionnaires were distributed before and after the intervention, and finally, after 4 months, the information of both groups was collected again and analyzed. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 19, paired t-test and independent t-test. Results were considered significant at p <0.05.ere
Results: Findings showed that the constructs of health belief model on the arbitrary use of drugs and women's performance after educational intervention were significantly different; and the female performance score increased from 4.7 to 7.7.
Conclusion: The results indicated the effect of applying the health belief model on the prevention of arbitrary use in women. By increasing sensitivity, severity, benefits and perceived self-efficacy and reducing perceived barriers for arbitrary use of drugs, the level of women' self-treatment decreased.  


Keywords: Health Belief Model (HBM), Education, Self-medication, Women
Full-Text [PDF 1100 kb]   (689 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
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