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:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (Winter-2020 2019) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2019, 7(4): 343-358 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Effectiveness of group Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy on Self-Esteem, Cognitive-Emotional Regulation and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in daughters
Ghazal Yasfard, Zahra Abaspour Azar *, Seyed Ali Hosseini Almadani
Abstract:   (1155 Views)
Background and Objective: Today, self-injury behavior has a significant outbreak among adolescents. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) on self-esteem, cognitive emotion regulation, and non-suicidal self-injury behavior.
Materials and Methods: This study was semi-experimental research. The statistical population consisted of 45 students studying in junior high school in Pardis city (2017-2018). They were committed non-suicidal self-injury behavior at least for once. Using random access sampling method, the sample divided into two experimental groups and a control group (n1 = n2 = n3 = 15). The research tools included Eysenck’s self-esteem questionnaire (1976),  Garnefski and Kraaij’s cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (2006), and Klonowski and Glenn’s self-injurious behaviors and functions (2009). Experimental groups were under the dialectical behavior therapy and solution-focused (brief) therapy. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance.
Results: There was a significant difference between the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy with solution-focused brief therapy on reducing self-injury behavior (p <0/001) and cognitive emotion regulation (p<0/05). There wasn’t any significant difference in self-esteem variable. The mean scores of self- injury behavior for the dialectical behavior therapy group in post-test was significantly lower than the mean scores of the solution-focused brief therapy group and the control group. The mean of the dialectical behavior therapy group after a positive reappraisal was significantly higher than the mean of the control group.
Conclusions: The method of dialectical behavior therapy compared to Solution-focused therapy has a greater impact on increasing the positive reappraisal subscale in cognitive emotion regulation and decreasing self-injury behavior.

Keywords: Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, Self-esteem, Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Self-Injury
Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (265 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Promotion Interventions
Received: 2019/04/21 | Accepted: 2019/08/20
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Yasfard G, Abaspour Azar Z, Hosseini Almadani S A. Comparing the Effectiveness of group Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy on Self-Esteem, Cognitive-Emotional Regulation and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in daughters. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2019; 7 (4) :343-358
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1228-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 4 (Winter-2020 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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