[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2017) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2017, 5(2): 73-80 Back to browse issues page
Size of Social Network and Probability of Occurrence of HIV/AIDS among Sexually Affected Patients in Behavioral Diseases Consulting Centers
Emma Avanessian, Mohsen Naserirad , Harand Abrahamian, Sara Anis
Abstract:   (3759 Views)

Background and Objective: AIDS is a socio-medical problem and has vast consequences. It is needed to prevent the sexual affection that it be detected role of social determinants of health and social networks. This study was conducted to assess the association between size of social network and probability of occurrence of HIV/AIDS among sexually affected patients in behavioral diseases consulting centers covered to Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences in 1394.
Methods: This research was a case-control study including 94 patients consulting the Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences centers of AIDS as case group and 94 persons as control group in Tehran, Iran. Samples were selected by the classified method; the later sampling was done by the convenience sampling method. The tools for data collection were demographic questionnaires, as well as a questionnaire to obtain data on size of social network. Data were analyzed by SPSS.22 software and logistic regression analysis and discrimination analysis.
Results: Findings showed that size of social network in sexual affected patients is lower of non-affected persons. There is a significant association, thus positive between sizes of social network in sexual affected patients and non-affected (p<0/01). Size of family social network has the largest contribution in explanation of difference between the affected and non-affected. Findings showed that the more size of their social network, the more probability of occurrence of HIV/AIDS.
Conclusion: It is necessary to adjust sexual risk behaviors and detect the role of social network and sexual physio-psycho-social paths by which it transmitted. 

Keywords: AIDS, Risk behaviors, Social determinant of health, Social network, Sexually affected patients
Full-Text [PDF 1017 kb]   (1707 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Public Health
References
1. Ahmadi H, Jamali M. Factors of knowledge and attitue addict prisoners to AIDS and its solutions. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities of Shiraz University. 2006;2(47):1–8. [Article]
2. Tan JY, Huedo-Medina TB, Warren MR, Carey MP, Johnson BT. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of HIV/AIDS prevention interventions in Asia, 1995-2009. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75(4):676–87. [PubMed]
3. Gould WT. HIV/AIDS in developing countries. London: International Encyclopedia of Human Geography; 2009. [ISI]
4. Ayranci U. AIDS knowledge and attitudes in a Turkish population: an epidemiological study. BMC Public Health. 2005;5(1):95–105. [PubMed]
5. Hatami H, Afshari D, Almasi F, Rahimi M, Razavi M, Jahanbakhsh A. Medical health and Social of HIV/AIDS. 1st ed. Kermanshah: Tagh-e-Bostan; 2004.
6. Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Official report. Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education; 2015.
7. Kolahi AA, Rastegarpour A, Abadi AR, Nabavi M, Sayyarifard A, Sohrabi MR. The knowledge and attitudes of a female at-risk population towards the prevention of AIDS and sexually transmitted infections in Tehran. J Res Med Sci. 2011;16(11):1452-8. [PubMed]
8. Mozaffarzadeh S, Vahdaninia M. AIDS literacy among female high school students: a crosssectional study from Iran. Payesh. 2008;7:173–80.
9. Lotfipur Rafsanjani SM, Ravari A, Akbarinasab J. Knowledge, attitude and practice of non-medical student to the ways of transmission and prevention of AIDS in Rafsanjan. Nurs Res. 2011;22(6):31–9.
10. Piot P, Coll Seck AM. International response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: planning for success. Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79(12):1106–12.
11. Stansbury JP, Sierra M. Risks, stigma and Honduran Garífuna conceptions of HIV/AIDS. Soc Sci Med. 2004;59(3):457–71.
12. Alubo O, Zwandor A, Jolayemi T, Omudu E. Acceptance and stigmatization of PLWA in Nigeria. AIDS Care. 2002;14(1):117–26.
13. Wang B, Li X, Barnett D, Zhao G, Zhao J, Stanton B. Risk and protective factors for depression symptoms among children affected by HIV/AIDS in rural China: a structural equation modeling analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74(9):1435–43.
14. Mwambete KD, Mtaturu Z. Knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases among secondary school students in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Afr Health Sci. 2006;6(3):165–9.
15. Jenkins CA, Arobalino D. HIV/AIDS in the middle East and North Africa. 1st ed. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical University; 2008.
16. Izdebski Z, Małyszkom M. Knowledge and beliefs about HIV/AIDS. Impact of knowledge on having risky sexual behaviors among men who use methadone and among men who use drugs intravenously. HIV & AIDS Review. 2012;11(3):65–70.
17. Rahmati Najarkolaei F. Niknami Sh, Amin Shokravi F, Ahmadi FA, Tavafian SAS, Hajizadeh E. Individual factors predisposing hiv/aids high risk behaviors: a qualitative study. Payesh. 2011;10(2):205–15.
18. Abdulraheem IS, Fawole OI. Young people’s sexual risk behaviors in Nigeria. J Adolesc Res. 2009;24(4):505–27.
19. Bruggeman J. Social networks: an introduction. London: Routledge; 2008.
20. Mahat G, Scoloveno MA, Scoloveno R. HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy for limiting sexual risk behavior and parental monitoring. Journal of pediatric nursing. 2016;29;31(1):e63-9.
21. Lin N. Building a network theory of social capital. Connetions. 1999;22(1):28–51.
22. Hawe P, Shiell A. Social capital and health promotion: a review. Soc Sci Med. 2000;51(6):871-85.
23. O’Brien K, Wortman CB, Kessler RC, Joseph JG. Social relationships of men at risk for AIDS. Soc Sci Med. 1993 May;36(9):1161 -7.
24. Miller M, Paone D. Social network characteristics as mediators in the relationship between sexual abuse and HIV risk. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47(6):765–77.
25. Klovdahl AS, Potterat JJ, Woodhouse DE, Muth JB, Muth SQ, Darrow WW. Social networks and infectious disease: the Colorado Springs Study. Soc Sci Med. 1994;38(1):79–88.
26. Ritzer G. Modern sociological theory. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2008.
27. Mohseni Tabrizi AR. Theories in social pscychology. Tehran: University of Tehran; 2014.
28. Field J. Social capital. 2nd ed. London: Routledge; 2008.
29. Lin N. Social capital: a theory of social structure and action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Avanessian E, Naserirad M, Abrahamian H, Anis S. Size of Social Network and Probability of Occurrence of HIV/AIDS among Sexually Affected Patients in Behavioral Diseases Consulting Centers. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2017; 5 (2) :73-80
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-540-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3991