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:: دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1403 ) ::
جلد 12 شماره 1 صفحات 0-0 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
اثربخشی مداخله آموزشی مبتنی بر تئوری رفتار برنامه ریزی شده توسعه یافته بر رفتارهای حامی محیط زیست
مهناز ابراهیمی ، عیسی محمدی زیدی* ، بنفشه محمدی زیدی ، محمدرضا ملکی
چکیده:   (289 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: مداخلات آموزشی تئوری محور رویکردی منطقی در راستای بهبود رفتارهای حامی زیست محیطی است. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی اثربخشی مداخله آموزشی مبتنی بر تئوری رفتار برنامه ریزی شده توسعه یافته بر رفتارهای حامی محیط زیست در ساکنان شهر قزوین انجام شد. 

مواد و روش ها: با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی چند مرحله ای، ۱۲۰ نفر از شهروندان مراجعه کننده به مراکز مراقبت سلامت شهر قزوین در یک مطالعه نیمه تجربی در سال ۱۴۰۱-۱۴۰۲ شرکت کردند. محتوای آموزشی هدفمند از طریق واتس آپ و آموزش آنلاین (۴ جلسه) به صورت سخنرانی و بحث گروهی به همراه پمفلت و پیامک آموزشی برای گروه آزمون ارائه شد. داده ها قبل و ۳ ماه بعد از آموزش با استفاده از پرسشنامه های دموگرافیکی، آگاهی زیست محیطی، تعهد اخلاقی، هویت فردی، خرده مقیاسهای TPB و پرسشنامه رفتارهای حامی محیط زیست گردآوری شد و با نرم افزار SPSS 25.0 و آزمونهای کای اسکوئر، تی مستقل و زوجی، آزمون آنالیز واریانس و آنالیز کوواریانس تحلیل شدند. 

یافته ها: میانگین آگاهی زیست محیطی ( از ۱/۳±۵/۲ به ۲/۱±۱۰/۹)، نگرش (از ۲/۵±۱۷/۵ به ۶/۱±۳۴/۷)، هنجارهای انتزاعی (از ۱/۸±۸/۹ به ۳/۱±۱۴/۹)، هویت فردی (از ۱/۷±۸/۸ به ۲/۱±۱۲/۷)، تعهد اخلاقی (از ۱/۴±۱۰/۹ به ۲/۱±۱۵/۰)، کنترل رفتاری (از ۱/۶±۱۵/۷ به ۳/۵±۲۴/۹) و قصد رفتاری (از ۲/۲±۷/۴ به ۰/۹±۱۱/۲) در گروه آزمون بعد از مداخله آموزشی تئوری محور به طور معنی داری بهبود یافت (۰/۰۰۱>P). همچنین، میانگین رفتارهای حامی محیط زیست در گروه آزمون پس از کنترل اثر متغیر پیش آزمون به طور معنی داری بهبود یافتند (۹/۵±۳۶/۴ به ۸/۷±۵۲/۲، ۰/۰۰۱>P).

نتیجه گیری: اجرای مداخلات آموزشی مبتنی بر تئوری رفتار برنامهریزی شده توسعه یافته میتواند بواسطه بهبود پیش آیندهای روانشناختی موجب ترغیب رفتارهای حامی زیست محیطی در شهروندان شود. 
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: محیط زیست، آموزش، هویت فردی، تعهد اخلاقی، تئوری رفتار برنامه‌ریزی شده.
متن کامل [PDF 345 kb]   (74 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مداخلات ارتقای سلامت
دریافت: 1402/5/28 | پذیرش: 1402/11/16
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Ebrahimi M, Mohammadi Zeidi I, Mohammadi Zeidi B, Maleki M. The Effectiveness of the Educational Intervention Based on the Extended Theory of Planned Behavior on Pro-environmental Behaviors. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2024; 12 (1)
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-2530-fa.html

ابراهیمی مهناز، محمدی زیدی عیسی، محمدی زیدی بنفشه، ملکی محمدرضا. اثربخشی مداخله آموزشی مبتنی بر تئوری رفتار برنامه ریزی شده توسعه یافته بر رفتارهای حامی محیط زیست. آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت. 1403; 12 (1)

URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-2530-fa.html



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دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1403 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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