[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2021) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2021, 9(2): 187-200 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Transportation Infrastructure and Urban Space of Tehran based on The Indicators of Age Friendly
Fatemeh Estebsari , Zahra Rahimi Khalifeh Kandi * , Maliheh Nasiri , Marjan Moradi Fath , Farank Karimi Yeganeh , Davoud Mostafaei
Abstract:   (373 Views)
Background and Objective: The Age Friendly City has been proposed by the World Health Organization to achieve Active Aging. The aim of this study was to evaluation of transportation infrastructure and urban space of Tehran city based on the indicators of Age Friendly City.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study examined the views of 418 elderly residents of Tehran on the indicators of the World Health Organization's Age-Friendly City in terms of Outdoor Spaces and Buildings, Housing, Transportation and Community Support and Health Services in 1398. Data were collected using Age-Friendly City questionnaire of the WHO.

Results: Findings showed that the outdoor spaces and buildings indicator mean= 39.70 (the item of access to mosques and religious places has the highest mean (3.84), the housing indicator) mean= 7.80 (the item of proportion of the elderly house with its needs has the highest mean (3.15), the transportation indicator (mean =34.80) the item of existence of bus route to key destinations in the city and public centers with the highest mean (3.42) and the health services indicator (mean= 22.80) the item of access to elderly health insurance services has the highest mean (2.70).

Conclusion: Considering the situation of the health services indicator compared to other indicators it can be said that the city of Tehran has not had favorable conditions in this indicator. Therefore, it is suggested that due to the upward trend of the country's elderly population, health policy makers and urban planners should consider improving the quality of health services indicators for the elderly in Tehran as a priority.
Keywords: Age Friendly City, Outdoor Spaces and Buildings, Transportation, Housing, Community Support and Health Services
Full-Text [PDF 718 kb]   (120 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2021/01/1 | Accepted: 2021/05/9
1. Estebsari F, Dastoorpoor M, Mostafaei D, Khanjani N, Khalifehkandi ZR, Foroushani AR, et al. Design and implementation of an empowerment model to prevent elder abuse: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Interv Aging. 2018;13:669-79. [DOI:10.2147/CIA.S158097] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Tehrani H. Mental health stigma related to novel coronavirus disease (COVID‐19) in older adults. Geriatrics & Gerontology International. 2020;20(8):796-7. [DOI:10.1111/ggi.13985] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Rahaei Z, Mehrjoyan N, Barzegr F, Anbari-Nogyni Z. Is Higher Health Literacy Associated with Better Self-Care in the Elderly? Journal of Health Literacy. 2020;5(3):26-35.
4. Bastani F, Haghani H, Goodarzi P. Age-Friendly Cities Features From the Elderly's Perspectives Underscoring "Community Support and Health Services". Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care. 2016;2(2):103-14. [DOI:10.32598/jccnc.2.2.103]
5. Organization WH. The Global Network for Age-friendly Cities and Communities: Looking back over the last decade, looking forward to the next. World Health Organization, 2018.
6. Assawamaitree S, Hongsranagon P. The Association between the Perception of Age-Friendly City Features and the Mental Health Status of the Elderly in Photaram District, Ratchaburi Province, Thailand. Journal of Health Research. 2017;31(Suppl. 2):S137-42.
7. Lee KH, Kim S. Development of age-friendly city indicators in South Korea. Urban Design International. 2020;25(1):1-12. [DOI:10.1057/s41289-019-00078-6]
8. Adib Roshan F, Talebpour M, Peymanizad H, Purazat AA. Identify the Characteristics of the Elderly-Friendly City in Iran 2050. Journal of vision Future Cities. 2020;1(2):51-61.
9. Yu R, Wong M, Woo J. Perceptions of neighborhood environment, sense of community, and self-rated health: an age-friendly city project in Hong Kong. Journal of urban health. 2019;96(2):276-88. [DOI:10.1007/s11524-018-00331-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Yousefi H, Sahzabi AY, Masih M, Ghaleh S, Mirzaaghabeik M. Urban parks prioritization concerning the age-friendly criteria in Sari, Northern Iran. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2016;8(2):116-23.
11. Ahmadi A, Seyedin H, Fadaye-Vatan R. Towards age-friendly hospitals in developing countries: a case study in iran. Health Promot Perspect. 2015;5(1):42-51. [DOI:10.15171/hpp.2015.006] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. zarghani Dsh, kharazmi doa, johari l. Evaluating Spatial - Physical indictors in Mashhad To become "Age-Friendly" City. Geography and Territorial Spatial Arrangement. 2015;5(15):177-96.
13. Taghdisi MH, Estebsari F, Rahimi Foroushani A, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Shojaeizadeh D, Dastoorpoor M, et al. The educational program based on the successful aging approach in elders health-promoting behaviors: A clinical trial study. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2014;21(125):26-36. [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.16314]
14. Taraghi Z, Ilali ES. A comparison of older adults' and managers' attitudes towards age-Friendly City indexes. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2018;13(2):236-49. [DOI:10.32598/sija.13.2.236]
15. World Health Organization. WHO global network of age-friendly cities. Switzerland: World Health Organizayion. 2009.
16. Warth L. The WHO global network of age-friendly cities and communities: Origins, developments and challenges. Age-friendly cities and communities in international comparison: Springer; 2016. p. 37-46. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-24031-2_3]
17. Estebsari F, RahimiKhalifeh Kandi Z, Estebsari K, Mostafaei D. Elderly Friendly City Concepts and Indicators. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2020;8(1):5-9. [DOI:10.29252/ijhehp.8.1.5]
18. Alarcón A, Klicnik I, Dogra S. Perspectives on Active Transportation in a Mid-Sized Age-Friendly City: "You Stay Home". Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(24). [DOI:10.3390/ijerph16244916] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Fitzgerald KG, Caro FG. An overview of age-friendly cities and communities around the world. Journal of Aging & Social Policy. 2014;26(1-2):1-18. [DOI:10.1080/08959420.2014.860786] [PMID]
20. Organization WH. WHO Age-friendly cities project methodology: Vancouver protocol. Genebra; 2007.
21. Paiva NM, Daniel F. Age-friendly Coimbra city, Portugal, perception and quality of life in a sample of elderly persons. 2019;24(4):1473-82. [DOI:10.1590/1413-81232018244.08902017] [PMID]
22. Noordzij JM, Beenackers MA, Roux AVD, van Lenthe FJ. Age-friendly cities: challenges for future research. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2019;97(6):436. [DOI:10.2471/BLT.18.224865] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Plouffe L, Kalache A. Towards global age-friendly cities: determining urban features that promote active aging. Journal of urban health. 2010;87(5):733-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11524-010-9466-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. center NR. Community Assessment Survey for Older Adults. Denver: 2015.
25. Jelokhani-Niaraki M, Hajiloo F, Samany NN. A web-based public participation GIS for assessing the age-friendliness of cities: A case study in Tehran, Iran. Cities. 2019;95:102471. [DOI:10.1016/j.cities.2019.102471]
26. WorldHealthOrganization. Global age-friendly cities: A guide: Geneva; 2007.
27. Shariat F MF, Ghahramani R. Study of Social, Cultural, Economic, Well-Being, and Urbal Structure Needs of Tehran Seniors Association Members. Iranian Journal of Aging. 2015;10(3).
28. Nemati D AH. Tehran as a Age Friendly City, Fist Step in Becoming Seniors Capital city. Social Research. 2014;6(18):15-44.
29. Turel HS, Yigit EM, Altug I. Evaluation of elderly people's requirements in public open spaces: A case study in Bornova District (Izmir, Turkey). Building and Environment. 2007;42(5):2035-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.03.004]
30. Chan AW, Chan HY, Chan IK, Cheung BY, Lee DT. An Age-Friendly Living Environment as Seen by Chinese Older Adults: A "Photovoice" Study. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2016;13(9):913. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph13090913] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Sharqi A, Zarghami E, Salehi Kousalari F, Olfat M. Evaluating status of global indices of age-friendly city in Tehran Metropolis (AFC). Journal of Urban - Regional Studies and Research. 2016:1-22. [DOI:10.21307/acee-2016-034]
32. Levasseur M, Généreux M, Bruneau J-F, Vanasse A, Chabot É, Beaulac C, et al. Importance of proximity to resources, social support, transportation and neighborhood security for mobility and social participation in older adults: results from a scoping study. BMC public health. 2015;15(1):503. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-1824-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
33. Böcker L, van Amen P, Helbich M. Elderly travel frequencies and transport mode choices in Greater Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Transportation. 2017;44(4):831-52. [DOI:10.1007/s11116-016-9680-z]
34. Zarghani H KO, Johari L. Evaluation of urban open spaces and inland urban transport in Mashhad based on the indicators of the Elderly Cities (collaborative approach). Urban Management and Planning. 2014;5(15):177-96.
35. Mirzaie M, Darabi S. Population Aging in Iran and Rising Health Care Costs. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2017;12(2):156-69. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1202156]
36. Foroushani AR, Estebsari F, Mostafaei D, Ardebili HE, Shojaeizadeh D, Dastoorpour M, et al. The effect of health promoting intervention on healthy lifestyle and social support in elders: a clinical trial study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2014;16(8). [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.18399]
37. Estebsari F, RahimiKhalifeh Kandi Z, Estebsari K, Mostafaei D. Elderly Friendly City Concepts and Indicators. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2020;8(1):5-9. [DOI:10.29252/ijhehp.8.1.5]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: IR.SBMU.PHARMACY.REC.1398.347

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Estebsari F, Rahimi Khalifeh Kandi Z, Nasiri M, Moradi Fath M, Karimi Yeganeh F, Mostafaei D. Evaluation of Transportation Infrastructure and Urban Space of Tehran based on The Indicators of Age Friendly. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2021; 9 (2) :187-200
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1629-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4331