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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Fall 2018) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018, 6(3): 302-311 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Family and School on the Formation of Gender Identity of Girls: A Qualitative Study
Maryam Raouf Malayeri , Saeed Beheshti * , Hossein Eskandari , Abbas Abbaspour
Abstract:   (4715 Views)
Background and Objective: “Gender Identity” is defined as the image and emotionality that a woman or man has of themselves, as well as expectations of being a distinct and different gender. Many factors are involved in the formation of gender identity. This article aims at investigating the role of family and school interactions in promoting girls’ gender-health.
Methods: This study is a qualitative study using content analysis method. The sampling of this research was purposeful sampling and continued until data saturation. 18 semi-structured interviews were conducted with expert and knowledgeable individuals in the fields of psychology, education, and Islamic studies. Data analysis was performed through qualitative content analysis method, and simultaneously while interviews being done. 
Results: The process of data analysis led to the extraction of the 3 main elements in formation of gender identity, which included: the role of family, the role of school, and the role of school- home based interactions.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, the family and school are among the most important institutions for the development of healthy gender identity, and the proper interactions between these two institutions are essential factors in formation of healthy gender identity, as it contributes to the harmonious upbringing of girls being institutionalized. The results of this paper can be used to determine the necessities and priorities of educational measures in girls’ schools, as well as to implement the guidelines of the document on the fundamental transformation of education.
Keywords: Family, School, Gender Identity, Girls
Full-Text [PDF 2690 kb]   (4711 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Behavior
Received: 2018/06/23 | Accepted: 2018/09/22
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Raouf Malayeri M, Beheshti S, Eskandari H, Abbaspour A. The Role of Family and School on the Formation of Gender Identity of Girls: A Qualitative Study . Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018; 6 (3) :302-311
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1009-en.html

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Volume 6, Issue 3 (Fall 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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