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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2020) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2020, 8(4): 336-347 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Self-Care Status and Its Relationship with Self-Efficacy of Patients with Hypertension
Zahra Asa kohneforoudi , Mahdi Gholian-Aval * , Hadi Tehrani , Habibollah Esmaily
Abstract:   (2040 Views)
Background and Objective: Hypertension is a common disease, often asymptomatic and treatable. Left untreated, this condition often leads to fatal complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of self-care and its relationship with self-efficacy of patients with hypertension in Mashhad in 2019.

Materials and methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 250 patients with hypertension in Mashhad in 1398 were selected by multi-stage method from among patients referred to comprehensive health care centers. Data collection tools were a three-part questionnaire including: demographic information and a standard questionnaire of self-efficacy and self-care of blood pressure. Data were analyzed using t-test, analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, linear correlation and regression by SPSS software version 20 with a significance level of 0.05.

Results: Based on the findings, self-efficacy and self-care behaviors with scores of 40.43 ± 10.13 and 48.78±10.66 were relatively undesirable. There was a significant relationship between self-efficacy and self-care behaviors with job, body mass index, number of sessions of receiving blood pressure counseling, drug use, and history of illness in the father (p <0.05). It is worth mentioning that a positive and significant correlation was observed between the general scores of self-care and self-efficacy (P = 0.001) (rp = 0.82).

Conclusion: Due to the significant correlation between self-care behaviors and self-efficacy and because these cases are very effective in preventing and controlling blood pressure. Therefore, it is recommended that educational programs for patients with hypertension to increase adherence to self-care behaviors and improve levels. Patient self-efficacy to be designed and implemented.

 
Keywords: Hypertension, self-efficacy, self-care behaviors, health promotion, patient
Full-Text [PDF 297 kb]   (604 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2020/06/7 | Accepted: 2020/09/29
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asa kohneforoudi Z, Gholian-Aval M, Tehrani H, Esmaily H. Evaluation of Self-Care Status and Its Relationship with Self-Efficacy of Patients with Hypertension. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2020; 8 (4) :336-347
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Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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