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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Fall 2018) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018, 6(3): 241-250 Back to browse issues page
Predictive Factors Related To Self-Care Behaviors among Type2 Diabetic Patients by Using Social Cognitive Model
Mastoreh-Sadat Ghoreishi, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Habibullah Esmaily, Hadi Tehrani *
Abstract:   (4866 Views)
Background and objective: Investigating factors affecting the adoption of self-care behaviors in diabetic patients is necessary, especially by using a model that would identify and reinforce the factors affecting behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictor factors associated with self-care behaviors among type2 diabetic patients by using social cognitive theory.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study 320 patients with type2 diabetes mellitus were selected based on multistage random sampling. The data collection tools were a demographic researcher-made questionnaire based on the cognitive social model constructs- the validity and reliability of the questionnaires were calculated - and the standard self-care questionnaire for diabetes. After data collection, data were analyzed using independent t-test, one –way ANOVA and spearman’s correlation coefficient in SPSS21 at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: According to the findings, Outcome Expectation(r=0.263,P<0.05), Outcome Values(r=0.151, P<0.05), Self-Efficacy (r=0.350, P<0.05, Barrier Efficacy (r=0.432, P<0.05), the Environmental (r=0.173, P<0.05), Observation Learning )r=0.416, P<0.05), Understanding the Situation )r=0.251, P<0.05), Self-Regulation (r=0.462, P<0.05) and Emotional Coping (r=0.374, P<0.05) variables were positive correlated with self-care behaviors. Also, Emotional Coping variable was the most predictive variable (Beta=0.283).
Conclusion: To maintain and improve the health of diabetic patients, social cognitive theory can be used to design and implement educational interventions for the self- care of diabetic patients.
Keywords: Self-Care, Diabetes, Social Cognitive Theory, Health Education
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2017/11/15 | Accepted: 2018/05/23
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Ghoreishi M, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Esmaily H, Tehrani H. Predictive Factors Related To Self-Care Behaviors among Type2 Diabetic Patients by Using Social Cognitive Model. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018; 6 (3) :241-250
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-865-en.html

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Volume 6, Issue 3 (Fall 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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