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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter-2019 2018) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018, 6(4): 367-375 Back to browse issues page
The Efficiency of Theory-Based Education on Mental Health Subscales in Elders: Application of Theory of Planned Behavior
Amaneh Sobhani , Hossein Shahnazi Dr , Firoozeh Mostafavi Dr
Abstract:   (707 Views)
Background and Objectiv: The elderly are at risk of the negative effects of stress, anxiety and depression and all these factors must be identified; then the current survey was aimed to investigate the effect of theory-based education (Theory of Planned Behavior) on subscales of mental health of elders.
Methods: In an experimental study, one hundred elders (50 allocated randomly to the intervention group and 50 to the control group) aged over 60 were chosen. Data were collected using two instruments including a DASS-21 standard questionnaire and a researcher- made questionnaire. Education was provided in ten sessions (70 minutes) based on Theory of Planned Behavior. Data were assessed in pre-intervention and 8 weeks follow-up and finally analyzed using SPSS20 and Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, Independent t-test, and Paired t-test.
Results: The mean score of knowledge, attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control of the intervention group was significantly higher 8 weeks after educational program and the mean score of DASS (stress, anxiety and depression) was lower than the control group (P<0.001). The Pearson correlation test showed a significant relationship between the DASS score and theory constructs eight weeks after intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: According to current findings, mental health of elderly and public health will be likely increased because of the use of effective educational program for elders’ care. 

Keywords: Mental Health, Theory of Planned Behavior, Elderly
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Promotion Interventions
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Sobhani A, Shahnazi H, Mostafavi F. The Efficiency of Theory-Based Education on Mental Health Subscales in Elders: Application of Theory of Planned Behavior. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2018; 6 (4) :367-375
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-955-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter-2019 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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