[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2020, 8(1): 82-92 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Tehranian Citizens’ Participation in Realization «Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme»
Kobra Kharaghani, Karam Habibpour ghatabi *, Badri Barandeghi
Abstract:   (610 Views)
Background and Objective: «Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme» was implemented by the Municipality of Tehran with the aim of creating a city-free by building awareness and sensitivity to the dangers of tobacco use. The researcher has analyzed the role of Tehranian citizens' participation in the realization of the «Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme».
 
Materials and Methods: The present has been conducted by survey method and questionnaire technique among 384 persons of citizens participating in tobacco control prevention programs in a tobacco-free week in 22 districts of Tehran municipality by convenience sampling method.
 
Results: Findings showed that 14.8% had complete knowledge about Tehran city without tobacco plan, 30.7% had sporadic information about this plan and 41.9% had no information about it. The results of the one-sample t-test showed that the level of citizen's knowledge and participation in the «Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme» was low. Also, participation rate of non-smokers, women, older age groups and married people was higher than the others, but the participation of different educational and occupational groups was the same.
 
Conclusion: Findings implies that Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme has failed to achieve its intended objectives in the past few years in the field of tobacco control, and one of the main reasons for this has been the lack or weakness of public participation.
Keywords: Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme, Tobacco-Free, Tobaco Consumption, Participation.
Full-Text [PDF 675 kb]   (117 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Promotion Interventions
Received: 2019/11/15 | Accepted: 2020/02/4
References
1. Makvandi Z, Sharifi M, Barati M. Assessment of Factors Associated With Hookah Consumption Among College Students of Asad Abad City Base on The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in 2015-2016. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2017;5(4):270-9. [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijhehp.5.4.270]
2. Bahari A, Marin S, Nikniaz L, Tabrizi JS, Sahebihagh MH, Fakhari A, et al. Effective Programs and Interventions in Prevention and Reduction of Tobacco Use in Communities: A Review Study. Depiction of Health. 2018;9(2):134-48.
3. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Niknami S. The relationship between low health literacy and knowledge and attitude towards the harms of smoking in dormitory students. Journal of Health Literacy. 2017;2(3):131-40. [DOI:10.22038/jhl.2017.10874]
4. Miraftab F. Public-private partnerships: The trojan horse of neoliberal development? Journal of planning education and research. 2004;24(1):89-101. [DOI:10.1177/0739456X04267173]
5. Lor PJ. The IFLA-UNESCO partnership 1947-2012. IFLA journal. 2012;38(4):269-82. [DOI:10.1177/0340035212463138]
6. Hakim S, Chowdhury MAB, Uddin MJ. Correlates of attempting to quit smoking among adults in Bangladesh. Addictive behaviors reports. 2018;8:1-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.abrep.2018.04.002] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Tucker JS, Green Jr HD, Zhou AJ, Miles JN, Shih RA, D'Amico EJ. Substance use among middle school students: Associations with self-rated and peer-nominated popularity. Journal of adolescence. 2011;34(3):513-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.05.016] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Aliakbari R, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Abusalehi A, Jafari A, Tehrani H. A digital-based education to improve occupational health and ergonomic conditions of dentists: an application of theory of planned behavior. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 2019:1-14. [DOI:10.1080/14635240.2019.1687316]
9. Dibra M. Rogers theory on diffusion of innovation-the most appropriate theoretical model in the study of factors influencing the integration of sustainability in tourism businesses. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015;195:1453-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.443]
10. Champion VL, Skinner CS. The health belief model. Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice. 2008;4:45-65.
11. Ziaadini h, Ziaadini r. The prevalence of tobacco use and dependency and its relation to some demographic factors in people aged 12 and over in rural sample. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2006;8(30):17-22. [DOI:10.22038/jfmh.2006.1815]
12. Sharifirad Gh. Smoking behavior among male student's bases on trans-theoretical model. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2011;13(52):95-386. [DOI:10.22038/jfmh.2011.926]
13. Mohammadizeidi E, Pakpour A. Effectiveness of an educational intervention based on theory of planned behavior to reduce intentions to smoke among secondary school students. Journal of Research and Health. 2013;3(4):504-13.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kharaghani K, Habibpour ghatabi K, Barandeghi B. The Role of Tehranian Citizens’ Participation in Realization «Tobacco-Free Tehran Programme». Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2020; 8 (1) :82-92
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1343-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4144