[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
Publication Ethics::
Editorial policy::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Citation Impact
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
COPE Membership


Creative Commons Licence
Open access
:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2020, 8(2): 142-159 Back to browse issues page
The effect of educational interventions based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on puberty health behaviors in Tehran’s female elementary students, 2019.
Zahra Kazemi , Davood Shojaeezadeh * , Zahra Jalili
Abstract:   (4031 Views)
Background and Objective: Several studies indicate low knowledge and poor performance of girls in puberty and menstruation. Puberty complications are easily preventable. Consequently, present study mainly aims to determine the effect of educational interventions based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on puberty health behaviors in Tehran’s female elementary students, 2019.

Material and Method: This study was quasi-experimental using random sampling methods for selecting among female elementary students in Tehran, District 14, 2019. Data collection was performed through a designed questionnaire based on HBM. The questionnaire’s reliability and validity were verified. Students filled out the questionnaire prior to the intervention. Educational interventions were performed for intervention group in three 45-minute sessions. Two groups filled out questionnaires a month after intervention. The data was analyzed through SPSS v.24 using k-square, Independent t, paired t, Anova variance and Ancova covariance.

Results: Findings showed demographic variables were not significantly different in two groups (p > 0.05) except in their father’s occupation, menstruation beginning’s awareness and age. In the case group after intervention, mean knowledge, average of perceived susceptibility, average of perceived severity, average of self-efficacy, average of perceived benefits and average behavior increased and average of perceived barriers decreased. They were significantly different in the intervention group (p<0.05), except in perceived benefits and self-efficacy, but not in the control group (p>0.05). The results of Ancova covariance test showed that educational intervention based on HBM had a significant effect on students' health during puberty (P <0.05).

Conclusion: The educational intervention based on HBM could change the puberty health awareness and behavior.
Keywords: Physical puberty, health belief model, female elementary students.
Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (1618 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2019/07/22 | Accepted: 2019/11/2
1. 1 zarrinkolah A, Dashti F, Abedi H, Masoudi SM. A Study of Puberty Health Literacy Level of the First 14-16 Year Girls Grade High School Students in the Eghlid City. Journal of Health Literacy. 2016;1(3):164-71. [DOI:10.22038/jhl.2016.10964]
2. 2 Hoyt LT, Niu L, Pachucki MC, Chaku N. Timing of puberty in boys and girls: implications for population health. SSM-population health. 2020;10:100549. [DOI:10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100549] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. 3 Ebrahimi F, Aghamolaei T, Abedini S, Rafati S. Effect of Educational Intervention Using Mobile on Life Style of Women Who Referred to Health Centers in Bandar Abbas. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2017;5(2):81-9. [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijhehp.5.2.81]
4. 4 Alimohammadi M, Samani LN. The Effects of Multimedia-Based Puberty Health Education on Male Students' Self-Esteem in the Middle School. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery. 2019;7(2):109.
5. 5 Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi S, Mirghafourvand M, Rahmani A, Seidi S, Saffari E, Mahini M, et al. The effect of software on knowledge and performance of teenage girls toward puberty hygiene: a randomized controlled trial. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2014; 14(2):110-121.
6. 6 Khatirpasha S. Puberty Health Education and Female Students' Self-efficacy. Journal of Client-Cen-tered Nursing Care. 2019;5(4):231-8.
7. 7 Moodi M, Zamanipour N, Sharifirad G-R, Shahnazi H. Evaluating puberty health program effect on knowledge increase among female intermediate and high school students in Birjand, Iran. Journal of education and health promotion. 2013;2. [DOI:10.4103/2277-9531.120851] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. 8 Akhavan Karbasi SSM. Educational assessment about puberty health and efficacy face to fac education and platelet in increase theirs aknowledge in the girl's student. Iranian Journal of pediatrics; 2003; 13: 68-82
9. 9 Sedghi Sabet M, Hasavari F, Saied Fazel Poor IF. A Survey of Knowledge, Attitude, and Health Behaviour of Girl Studeuts about Puberty. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences 2003; 12(47): 31-8
10. 10 Olfati F, Aligholi S. A study on educational needs of teenage girls regarding the reproductive health and determination of proper strategies in achieving the target goals in Qazvin. Journal of Qazvin Uni Med Sci 2008; 12(2): 76-82.
11. 11 Crockett LJ, Deardorff J, Johnson M, Irwin C, Petersen AC. Puberty education in a global context: knowledge gaps, opportunities, and implications for policy. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2019;29(1):177-95. [DOI:10.1111/jora.12452] [PMID]
12. 12 Kaplan EB. Women's perceptions of the adolescent experience. Adolescence. 1997;32(127):715.
13. 13 Whitehead D. A social cognitive model for health education/health promotion practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2001;36(3):417-25. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01973.x] [PMID]
14. 14 Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Tehrani H, Robat-Sarpooshi D, GHolian-Aval M, Jafari A, Alizadeh-Siuki H. The impact of health education on nutritional behaviors in female students: An application of health belief model. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 2019:1-13.. [DOI:10.1080/14635240.2019.1696219]
15. 15 Fisher JD, Fisher WA, Bryan AD, Misovich SJ. Information-motivation-behavioral skills model-based HIV risk behavior change intervention for inner-city high school youth. Health Psychology. 2002;21(2):177. [DOI:10.1037/0278-6133.21.2.177]
16. 16 Alizadeh Siuki H, Jadgal K, Shamaeian Razavi N, Zareban I, Heshmati H, Saghi N. Effects of Health Education Based on Health Belief Model on Nutrition Behaviors of Primary School Students in Torbat e Heydariyeh City in 2012. Journal of Health. 2015;5(4):289-99.
17. 17 Ahmadpour H, Mahri B, Shojaeezadeh D. The Effect of Nutrition Education in Pregnancy Based on Health Belief Model on Knowledge, Attitudes of Women Referring to Health Centers in Gonbad Kavoos. Journal of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, 2013; 3(2): 73-77
18. 18 Shojaezadeh D, Naeimi M, Noori K, Khalili Z, Haghverdi A. Survey of the effect of education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on knowledge, perception and performance about having breakfast of primary school student boys. Journal of Health. 2015;6(2):144-53.
19. 19 Sadeghi Sedeh B, Rabiei Z, Razavi H. Effects of health belief model components in general physicion rational prescribing of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary province. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015;21(128):37-46.
20. 20 Torshizi L, Anooshehm, Ghofranipour, Ahmadi F, Hooshirarad A. Effect of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Osteoporosis Prevention in Postmenopausal Women. Journal of Nursing, 2009; 22(59): 98-102
21. 21 Karimi M, Ghofranipor F, Heidarnia A. The effect of health education based on health belief model on preventive actions of AIDS on addict in Zarandieh. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. 2009;18(70):64-73.
22. 22 Hazavehei S, Taghdisi M, Saidi M. Application of the Health Belief Model for osteoporosis prevention among middle school girl students, Garmsar, Iran. Education for health. 2007;20(1):23.
23. 23 Hallberg U, Camling E, Zickert I, Robertson A, Berggren U. Dental appointment no shows: why do some parents fail to take their children to the dentist? international journal of paediatric dentistry; 2008; 18(1): 27-34.
24. 24 Lajunen T, Rasanen M. Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior and the Locus of Control. Journal of Safety Research; 2004; 35(1):23-115. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsr.2003.09.020] [PMID]
25. 25 Sharifzadeh G, Moodi M, AliAbadi H. The impact of the education based on health belief model on preventive behaviors of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever among rural women from the city of Sarbishe. Journal of Health Sciences and Technology. 2017;1(1):23-9.
26. 26 Farahani F. The Effect of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Adherence to Diet in Patients with Diabetes, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 2016; 18)2): 110-112
27. 27 Gorramoodi Gh. Ashkaran, The Effect of an Educational Intervention Based on the Health Belief Model on the Prevention of Domestic Violence in Secondary School Students of Tehran. Journal of Nursing, 2016; 9(1): 32-3
28. 28 Sharifi R, Hazavi M, Hassanzadeh S. The Effect of Health Education Based on the Health Belief Model on Preventive Measures of Smoking in High School Students. Journal of Rawvarvand Danesh, Arak University of Medical Sciences, 2007; 1(10): 69-72
29. 29 Shirzadi S. et al. The Effect of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Physical Maturity Promotion of Adolescent Girls in Wellness Centers in Tehran. Journal of Education and Community Health, 2014; 1(4): 30-35
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi Z, Shojaeezadeh D, Jalili Z. The effect of educational interventions based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on puberty health behaviors in Tehran’s female elementary students, 2019.. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2020; 8 (2) :142-159
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1299-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 44 queries by YEKTAWEB 4642