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:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2022) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(2): 195-206 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Educational Intervention Based on The Who Food Safety Manual on Knowledge, Attitude, And Behavior of Women Referred to Health Services Centers
Ali Ramezanhkani , Fereshteh Hossaini * , Mohtasham Ghaffari , Sohaila Khodakarim , Soudabeh Yarmohammadi
Abstract:   (346 Views)
Background and Objectives: The World Health Organization five keys to safer food manual is recognized as a global strategy to train food producers to reduce the burden of foodborne disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the World Health Organization safer food manual on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of women referring to the comprehensive health service centers in Abdanan.

Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental intervention study was performed on 117 women referred to comprehensive health service centers in Abdanan in two groups (57 in the experimental group, 60 in the control group) in 2018-19. The sampling method was done with convenience sampling and a modified version of the questionnaire based on the WHO manual was used to measure the knowledge, attitude, and behavior which had face validity and reliability. The questionnaire was first completed in the study (pre-test) and then one month after the intervention (post-test). Data were analyzed using SPSS16 software, and using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, independent and paired t-test.

Results: There was no significant difference between the two samples in this study in terms of demographic characteristics (p>0.05). Also, the mean and ±standard deviation (± SD) scores of knowledges in the experimental group before and after the intervention from 71.01 ± 8.15 to 87.80 ± 8.29, the mean and ± SD attitude scores from 86.45 ± 6.65 to 92.62 ± 6.20 and the mean and ± SD behavior scores increased from 86.92 ± 6.63 to 91.98 ± 6.84 and this difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Also, no significant difference in mean and ± SD scores of knowledges, attitude scores, and behavior of the control group before and after (P>0.05).

Conclusion: An educational intervention based on the World Health Organization’s five keys to a safer food manual can improve the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of women referring to comprehensive health service centers. 
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, behavior, women, WHO food safety manual
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2021/07/2 | Accepted: 2022/01/2
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Ramezanhkani A, Hossaini F, Ghaffari M, Khodakarim S, Yarmohammadi S. The Effect of Educational Intervention Based on The Who Food Safety Manual on Knowledge, Attitude, And Behavior of Women Referred to Health Services Centers. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2022; 10 (2) :195-206
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Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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