[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
Publication Ethics::
Editorial policy::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Reviewe::
::
Citation Impact
..
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
COPE Membership

AWT IMAGE

..
Creative Commons Licence
..
Open access
..
:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2022) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2022, 10(1): 58-69 Back to browse issues page
Motivations for providing care in family caregivers of hemodialysis patients: A qualitative content analysis study
Sima Sadat Hejazi , Meimanat Hosseini * , Abbas Ebadi , Hamid Alavi Majd
Abstract:   (1702 Views)
Background and Objective: There is little knowledge about the underlying motivations that cause caregivers to care for the patient or not. This study aimed to identify the motivations of providing care in family caregivers of hemodialysis patients

Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using the conventional content analysis method. Fifteen family caregivers of hemodialysis patients were enrolled in the study via purposive with a maximum variation sampling method. The setting was hemodialysis wards of Tehran teaching hospitals. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews. The analysis was performed using conventional content analysis with MAXQDA version 10. To ensure the trustworthiness of the data, the criteria of Credibility, Dependability, Transferability, and Confirmability were taken into account

Results: Fifteen participants (eight women and three men) were interviewed. The majority (eight of them) were spouses. Totally 200 codes, 12 subcategories, four generic categories, and two main categories were extracted. The main categories included Social Motivation (including two generic categories: providing care influenced by norms and culture and providing care inspired by social influence) and Internal motivation (including two generic categories: religious-spiritual motivation to provide care and emotional-moral motivation to provide care).

Conclusions: To benefit from the valuable capabilities of family caregivers, must pay attention to their social and internal motivations in providing care.  The findings of this study can be helpful for future planning to strengthen internal motivations and improve and guide the external motivations of caregivers.
 
Keywords: Caregivers, Caregiving, Hemodialysis, Motivation, Qualitative Research, Content Analysis
Full-Text [PDF 311 kb]   (860 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2021/11/29
References
1. Avşar U, Avşar UZ, Cansever Z, Yucel A, Cankaya E, Certez H, et al. Caregiver Burden, Anxiety, Depression, and Sleep Quality Differences in Caregivers of Hemodialysis Patients Compared With Renal Transplant Patients. Transplant Proc. 2015;47(5):1388-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2015.04.054] [PMID]
2. Rezaee N, Seraji M. The perceived supports for self-care in hemodialysis patients: a qualitative study. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2020;8(2):97-106. [DOI:10.29252/ijhehp.8.2.97]
3. Hoang VL, Green T, Bonner A. Informal caregivers' experiences of caring for people receiving dialysis: A mixed-methods systematic review. 2018;44(2):82-95. [DOI:10.1111/jorc.12235] [PMID]
4. Welch JL, Thomas-Hawkins C, Bakas T, McLennon SM, Byers DM, Monetti CJ, et al. Needs, Concerns, Strategies, and Advice of Daily Home Hemodialysis Caregivers. Clinical Nursing Research. 2013;23(6):644-63. [DOI:10.1177/1054773813495407] [PMID]
5. Alnazly E. Coping strategies and socio-demographic characteristics among Jordanian caregivers of patients receiving hemodialysis. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2016;27(1):101-6. [DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.174088] [PMID]
6. Bardak S, Demir S, Aslan E, Turgutalp K, Celikcan HD, Dolarslan ME, et al. The other side of the coin in renal replacement therapies: the burden on caregivers. Int Urol Nephrol. 2019;51(2):343-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11255-018-2029-0] [PMID]
7. Farzi S, Farzi S, Moladoost A, Ehsani M, Shahriari M, Moieni M. Caring Burden and Quality of Life of Family Caregivers in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Descriptive-Analytic Study. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2019;7(2):88-96.
8. Barello S, Castiglioni C, Bonanomi A, Graffigna G. The Caregiving Health Engagement Scale (CHE-s): development and initial validation of a new questionnaire for measuring family caregiver engagement in healthcare. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1):1562. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-019-7743-8] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Del-Pino-Casado R, López-Martínez C. Obligation and negative consequences in primary caregivers of dependent older relatives. PLoS One. 2018;13(9):e0203790. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0203790] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Jafari Y, Tehrani H, Esmaily H, Shariati M, Vahedian‐shahroodi M. Family‐centred empowerment program for health literacy and self‐efficacy in family caregivers of patients with multiple sclerosis. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences. 2020;34(4):956-63. [DOI:10.1111/scs.12803] [PMID]
11. Camden A, Livingston G, Cooper C. Reasons why family members become carers and the outcome for the person with dementia: results from the CARD study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2011;23(9):1442-50. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610211001189] [PMID]
12. Zahed S, Emami M, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Eslami AA, Barekatain M, Zamani-Alavijeh F. What motivates informal caregivers of people with dementia (PWD): a qualitative study. BMC Palliat Care. 2019;18(1):105. [DOI:10.1186/s12904-019-0491-9] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Salehitali S, Ahmadi F, Hasanpour Dehkordi A, Noorian K, Fereidooni-Moghadam M, Zarea K. Progressive exhaustion: A qualitative study on the experiences of Iranian family caregivers regarding patients undergoing hemodialysis. International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2018;5(2):193-200. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2018.01.005] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Reisi M, Fazeli H, Mahmoodi M. Application of the social cognitive theory to predict self-care behavior among type 2 diabetes patients with limited health literacy. Journal of health litaracy. 2021;6(2):21-32.
15. Greenwood N, Smith R. Motivations for being informal carers of people living with dementia: a systematic review of qualitative literature. BMC geriatrics. 2019;19(1):169-. [DOI:10.1186/s12877-019-1185-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Sajadi SAM, Ebadi AP, Moradian STP. Quality of Life among Family Caregivers of Patients on Hemodialysis and its Relevant Factors: A Systematic Review. International journal of community based nursing and midwifery. 2017;5(3):206-18.
17. Alosaimi FD, Asiri M, Alsuwayt S, Alotaibi T, Bin Mugren M, Almufarrih A, et al. Psychosocial predictors of nonadherence to medical management among patients on maintenance dialysis. Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2016;9:263-72. [DOI:10.2147/IJNRD.S121548] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Ravaghi H, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Taheri Mirghaed M, Aryankhesal A, Salemi M, et al. Prevalence of Depression in Hemodialysis Patients in Iran: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Iran J Kidney Dis. 2017;11(2):90-8.
19. Katzir Z, Boaz M, Backshi I, Cernes R, Barnea Z, Biro A. Medication apprehension and compliance among dialysis patients--a comprehensive guidance attitude. Nephron Clin Pract. 2010;114(2):c151-7. [DOI:10.1159/000254388] [PMID]
20. Aghakhani N, Sharif F, Molazem Z, Habibzadeh H. Content analysis and qualitative study of hemodialysis patients, family experience and perceived social support. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014;16(3):e13748. [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.13748] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Song YY, Hu RJ, Diao YS, Chen L, Jiang XL. Effects of Exercise Training on Restless Legs Syndrome, Depression, Sleep Quality, and Fatigue Among Hemodialysis Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018;55(4):1184-95. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.12.472] [PMID]
22. Jafari H, Ebrahimi A, Aghaei A, Khatony A. The relationship between care burden and quality of life in caregivers of hemodialysis patients. BMC nephrology. 2018;19(1):321-. [DOI:10.1186/s12882-018-1120-1] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Jajarmi H. Predicting the Preventive Behaviors of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in families with Children Under 10 Years, Applied the Precede Model. Iranian Journal of Health Education & Promotion. 2022;9(4):360. [DOI:10.52547/ijhehp.9.4.360]
24. Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qual Health Res. 2005;15(9):1277-88. [DOI:10.1177/1049732305276687] [PMID]
25. Elo S, Kyngas H. The qualitative content analysis process. J Adv Nurs. 2008;62(1):107-15. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x] [PMID]
26. Streubert HJ, Carpenter DR. Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative. Fifth ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
27. Quinn C, Clare L, Woods RT. The impact of motivations and meanings on the wellbeing of caregivers of people with dementia: a systematic review. International Psychogeriatrics. 2009;22(1):43-55. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610209990810] [PMID]
28. Quinn C, Clare L, McGuinness T, Woods RT. The impact of relationships, motivations, and meanings on dementia caregiving outcomes. Int Psychogeriatr. 2012;24(11):1816-26. [DOI:10.1017/S1041610212000889] [PMID]
29. Qadir F, Gulzar W, Haqqani S, Khalid A. A Pilot Study Examining the Awareness, Attitude, and Burden of Informal Caregivers of Patients With Dementia. Care Management Journals. 2013(4):230-40. [DOI:10.1891/1521-0987.14.4.230] [PMID]
30. Cahill SM. Caring in Families: What Motivates Wives, Daughters, and Daughters-in-law to Provide Dementia Care?1. Journal of Family Studies. 1999;5(2):235-47. [DOI:10.5172/jfs.5.2.235]
31. Kim Y. Korean american family postcaregivers on dementia caregiving: a phenomenological inquiry. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2009;52(6):600-17. [DOI:10.1080/01634370903048352] [PMID]
32. Gurayah T. Caregiving for people with dementia in a rural context in South Africa. South African Family Practice. 2015;57(3):194-7. [DOI:10.1080/20786190.2014.976946]
33. Pang RCK, Lee DTF. Finding positives in caregiving: The unique experiences of Chinese spousal caregivers of persons with young-onset dementia. Dementia. 2017;18(5):1615-28. [DOI:10.1177/1471301217724026] [PMID]
34. Murray J, Schneider J, Banerjee S, Mann A. EUROCARE: a cross-national study of co-resident spouse carers for people with Alzheimer's disease: II--A qualitative analysis of the experience of caregiving. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1999;14(8):662-7. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1166(199908)14:8<662::AID-GPS993>3.0.CO;2-4 [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1166(199908)14:83.0.CO;2-4]
35. van Wezel N, Francke AL, Kayan-Acun E, Ljm Devillé W, van Grondelle NJ, Blom MM. Family care for immigrants with dementia: The perspectives of female family carers living in the Netherlands. Dementia. 2014;15(1):69-84. [DOI:10.1177/1471301213517703] [PMID]
36. Peacock S, Forbes D, Markle-Reid M, Hawranik P, Morgan D, Jansen L, et al. The Positive Aspects of the Caregiving Journey With Dementia: Using a Strengths-Based Perspective to Reveal Opportunities. Journal of Applied Gerontology. 2009;29(5):640-59. [DOI:10.1177/0733464809341471]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: IR.SBMU.PHARMACY.REC.1398.99



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hejazi S S, Hosseini M, Ebadi A, Alavi Majd H. Motivations for providing care in family caregivers of hemodialysis patients: A qualitative content analysis study. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2022; 10 (1) :58-69
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1804-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 44 queries by YEKTAWEB 4642