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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2023) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2023, 11(2): 127-140 Back to browse issues page
Applying the Social Cognitive Theory for predicting the related factors to mental health of middle-age women referring to comprehensive health services centers
Fataneh Bakhshi , Abolhasan Afkar , Saeed Omidi , Rabiollah Farmanbar , Narjes Nikpey * , Asyeh Akbari
Abstract:   (1180 Views)
Background and Object: Mental health as one of the dimensions of health is especially important in middle-aged women. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to mental health based on social cognitive theory in middle-aged women referring to the comprehensive health service centers in 2019.

Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 438 middle-aged women referring to three comprehensive health service centers by random sampling in 2019. The questionnaire used consisted of three sections: demographic characteristics, mental health and the structure of social cognitive theory. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 18 software using descriptive and inferential statistical tests.

Results: The structures of self-efficacy (p-value < 0/001, β = -0/62), social support (p-value = 0/002, β=-0/12) and self-control (p-value=0/001, β = -0/17) showed a significant and inverse relationship with mental health. According to the results, social cognitive theory constructs were able to significantly explain the mental health of the studied women and predict 61% of their mental health changes.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, self-efficacy and social support were the main determinants of mental health in middle-aged women, therefore, in planning interventions to improve the mental health of this group, more emphasis can be placed on strategies to improve the aforementioned structures.
 
Keywords: mental health, women, middle- age, social cognitive theory
Full-Text [PDF 728 kb]   (1035 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education & Health Promotion
Received: 2022/10/4 | Accepted: 2023/04/12
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Bakhshi F, Afkar A, Omidi S, Farmanbar R, Nikpey N, Akbari A. Applying the Social Cognitive Theory for predicting the related factors to mental health of middle-age women referring to comprehensive health services centers. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2023; 11 (2) :127-140
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Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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