[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
Publication Ethics::
Editorial policy::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Citation Impact
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
COPE Membership


Creative Commons Licence
Open access
:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter-2018 2018) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018, 5(4): 336-344 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Cognitive-motor Exercises on Physical Health and Cognitive Status in Elderly
Sedigheh Hosseinpour * , Naser Behpour , Vahid Tadibi , Azam Ramezankhani
Abstract:   (11460 Views)

Background and Objectives: Achieving old age is one of the major advances in human life, but reducing in physical activity, especially balance walking, and cognitive impairment including problems in the elderly are associated with physical, psychological and social consequences. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a training protocol on cognition and physical health status in elderly women living in elderly care centers.
Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 24 elderly women with a healthy cognitive status (mean age, 72.40±6.05 years; weight, 62.66±4.55 kg) in an elderly care center were randomly divided into two groups of intervention and control. The intervention group used a 12-weeks course of combined training (cognitive-motor). Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed up and Go test (TUG), Functional Reach Test (FRT) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were taken before and after the intervention.
Results: The findings showed an improvement in the results of the FRT test (p=0.002), BBS test (p=0.001), TUG test (p=0.001) and MMSE test (p=0.011) in the intervention group.
Conclusion: The results showed that cognitive-motor training program can be effective to improve motor performance especially balance and cognitive factors in elderly women. It seems that this type of activity is a beneficial training method for maintaining motor function and reduction the speed of mental function of the elderly people.

Keywords: Elderly, health, balance, cognition, cognitive-motor training
Full-Text [PDF 1021 kb]   (5977 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Promotion Interventions
Received: 2016/10/3 | Accepted: 2017/10/5
1. Marsillas S, De Donder L, Kardol T, van Regenmortel S, Dury S, Brosens D, et al. Does active ageing contribute to life satisfaction for older people? Testing a new model of active ageing. Eur J Ageing 2017;14(3):295-310. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Chatters R, Roberts J, Mountain G, Cook S, Windle G, Craig C, et al. The long-term (24-month) effect on health and well-being of the Lifestyle Matters community-based intervention in people aged 65 years and over: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2017;7(9):e016711. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Netz Y, Wu MJ, Becker BJ, Tenenbaum G. Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: a meta-analysis of intervention studies. Psychology and Aging 2005;20(2):272-84. [DOI] [PubMed]
4. Meek S, Murrell SA. Contribution of education to health and life satisfaction in older adults mediated by negative affect. J Ageing Health 2001;13(1):92-119. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Bandeen-Roche K, Seplaki CL, Huang J, Buta B, Kalyani RR, Varadhan R, et al. Frailty in Older Adults: A Nationally Representative Profile in the United States. Frailty in Older Adults:J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2015;70(11):1427-34. [DOI]
6. Legters K. Fear of falling. Phys Ther. 2002;82(3):2672-4.
7. Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR. The epidemiology of falls and syncope. Clin Geriatr Med 2002;18(2):141-58. [DOI]
8. Silsupadol P, Shumway-Cook A, Lugade V, Van Donkelaar P, Chou LS, Mayr U, et al. Effects of single-task versus dual-task training on balance performance in older adults: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90(3):381-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Park MH. Informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly (IQCODE) for classifying cognitive dysfunction as cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia. Int Psychogeriatr 2017;29(9):1461-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Mokhtari M, Nezakatalhossaini M, Esfarjani F. The effect of 12-week pilates exercises on depression and balance associated with falling in the elderly. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2013;70(2013):1714 –23. [DOI]
11. Cromwell RL, Meyers PM, Meyers PE, Newton RA. Tae Kwon Do: an effective exercise for improving balance and walking ability in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2007;62(6):641-6. [DOI]
12. Sadeghi H, Norouzi H, Karimi Asl A, Montazer M. Functional training program effect on static and dynamic balance in male able-bodied elderly. Salmand 2008;3(8):565-71. [persian]
13. Shamsipour Dehkordi P , Aslankhani MA, Shams A. Effects of physical, mental and mixed practices on the static and dynamic balance of aged people. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2011;12(4):71-7. [persian]
14. Aslankhani MA, Shams A, Shamsipour Dehkordi P. Mental, physical and mixed practice on elderly static and dynamic balance. Salmand 2008;3(3-4):22-29.
15. Trzepacz PT, Hochstetler H, Wang S, Walker B, Saykin AJ. Relationship between the montreal cognitive assessment and mini-mental state examination for assessment of mild cognitive impairment in older adults. BMC Geriatr 2015;15:107. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Siu CK, Chou SL, Woollacott HM. Attentional mechanisms contributing to balance constraints during gait: The effects of balance impairments. Brain Res 2009;1248:59-67. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Woollacott MH, Shumway-Cook A. Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research. Gait Posture 2002;16(1):1-14. [DOI]
18. Chang YK, Nien YH, Chen AG, Yan J. Tai Ji Quan, the brain, and cognition in older adults. JSHS 2014;3(1):36-42. [DOI]
19. Berger L, Bernard-Demanze L. Age-related effects of a memorizing spatial task in the adults and elderly postural control. Gait Posture 2011;33(2):300-2. [DOI] [PubMed]
20. Midtgaard J, Rorth M, Stelter R, Adamsen L. The group matters: an explorative study of group cohesion and quality of life in cancer patients participating in physical exercise intervention during treatment. Eur J Cancer Care 2006;15(1):25-33. [DOI] [PubMed]
21. Muir SW, Berg K, Chesworth B, Speechley M. Use of the Berg Balance Scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: a prospective study. Phys Ther 2008;88(4):449-59. [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Raji P. Functional balance tests. Auditory and Vestibular Research 2012;21(4):1-9. [persian]
23. Barry E, Galvin R, Keogh C, Horgan F, Fahey T. Is the Timed Up and Go test a useful predictor of risk of falls in community dwelling older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Geriatr 2014;14:14. [DOI] [PubMed]
24. Scena S, Steindler R, Ceci M, Zuccaro SM, Carmeli E. Computerized functional reach test to measure balance stability in elderly patients with neurological disorders. J Clin Med Res 2016;8(10):715-20. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Aslankhani MA, Farsi A, Fathirezaie Z, Zamani Sani SH, Aghdasi MT. Validity and Reliability of the Timed Up and Go and the Anterior Functional Reach Tests in Evaluating Fall Risk in the Elderly. Salmand 2015;10(1):16-25. [persian]
26. Seyedian M, Falah M, Nourouzian M, Nejat S, Delavar A, Ghasemzadeh HA. Validity of the Farsi version of mini-mental state examination. JMCIRI 2008;25:408-14. [persian]
27. Kim MK. The effects of trunk stabilization exercise using a Swiss ball in the absence of visual stimulus on balance in the elderly. J Phys Ther Sci 2016;28(7):2144-7.
28. Dadgari A, Aizan Hamid T, Hakim MN, Chaman R, Mousavi SA, Poh Hin L, et al. Randomized Control Trials on Otago Exercise Program (OEP) to Reduce Falls Among Elderly Community Dwellers in Shahroud, Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2015;18(5):e26340.
29. Kaesler DS, Mellifont RR, Kelly PS, Taaffe DR. A novel balance exercise program for postural stability in older adults: A pilot study. J Bodyw Mov Ther 2007; 11(1): 37-43. [DOI]
30. Smee DJ, Berry HL, Waddington G, Anson J. Association between Berg Balance, physiological profile assessment and physical activity, physical function and body composition: a cross-sectional study. J Frailty Aging 2016;5(1):20-6. [PubMed]
31. Cao ZB, Maeda A, Shima N, Kurata H, Nishizono H. Effects of exercise and nutritional intervention to improve physical factors associated with fracture risk in middle-aged and older women. IJSHS 2009;5:147-56.
32. Gobbo S, Bergamin M, Sieverdes JC, Ermolao A, Zaccaria M. Effects of exercise on dual-task ability and balance in older adults: A systematic review. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2014;58(2):177-87. [DOI] [PubMed]
33. El-Khoury F, Cassou B, Charles MA, Dargent-Molina P. The effect of fall prevention exercise programmes on fall induced injuries in community dwelling older adults. Br J Sports Med 2015;49(20):1348. [DOI] [PubMed]
34. Stuss DT, Levine B. Adult clinical neuropsychology: Lessons from studies of the frontal lobes. Annu Rev Psychol 2002;53(1):401-33. [DOI] [PubMed]
35. Nitz J, Choy N. The efficacy of a specific balance-strategy training programme for preventing falls among older people: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Age and Ageing 2004;33:52-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseinpour S, Behpour N, Tadibi V, Ramezankhani A. Effect of Cognitive-motor Exercises on Physical Health and Cognitive Status in Elderly . Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2018; 5 (4) :336-344
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-654-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter-2018 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 44 queries by YEKTAWEB 4642