:: Volume 2, Issue 2 (July 2014) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2014, 2(2): 143-152 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model on Promoting Self-Care Behaviors in Patients with Smear-Positive Pulmonary TB
Khir Mohamad Jadgal , Iraj Zareban , Hadi Alizadeh-Siuki * , Hossein Izadirad
Abstract:   (11048 Views)
Background and objective: One of the most common infectious diseases is Tuberculosis. It yearly causes more than 2 million death in the world. This study aimed to determine the impact of health education based on Health Belief Model on promoting self-care behaviors in patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Chabahar in 2013.
Methods: Framework of this quasi-experimental study was Health Belief Model. Data was collected by researcher-made questionnaire. 80 TB patients were selected as samples through classified random sampling and divided into case and control groups. Educational sessions for case group were performed through face-to-face and question-and-answer sessions in 2 training sessions for 2 month. No educational intervention were done on control group. Training materials were manuals and pamphlets. Both groups were followed for one month after the intervention to perform a post test. The data collected were analyzed by using SPSS16 software and descriptive and analytical tests.
Results: The mean scores of perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cause to action, self-efficacy, knowledge and self-care behaviors were increased significantly following intervention and paired sample t-test showed a significant change in the case group, but this change was not significant in the control group.
Conclusion: Health education promotes self-care behaviors of TB patient through Health Belief Model.
Paper Type: Research Article.
Keywords: Self-care behaviors, Health Belief Model, Smear-positive pulmonary TB, Chabahar.
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Received: 2014/05/28 | Accepted: 2014/09/30

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Volume 2, Issue 2 (July 2014) Back to browse issues page