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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) ::
Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2019, 7(2): 220-230 Back to browse issues page
Effective Factors of Seat-Belt Use in Front Seat Passenger on Urban Trips of Bushehr: Application of Protection Motivation Theory
Nahid Soltani , Rahim Tahmasebi Dr , Sahar Haghighatjoo , Azita Noroozi Dr
Abstract:   (384 Views)
Background and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the constructs of protection motivation theory (PMT) for predicting seat-belt use in front seat passenger on urban transportation. 
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 328 participants who traveled in urban streets during the past week as a front seat passenger during February to May 2018 were selected through multistage cluster sampling. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics, items related to PMT’s constructs, and seat-belt use behavior were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22. 
Results: In this study, 234 participants (71.3%) used seat-belts as front seat passenger of whom 27.7% (n=91) used seat-belt on mandatory law, and 43.6% (n=143) used seat-belts for personal safety. The predictors of using seat-belt were intention (P<0.001, Exp (B)= 1.28), self-efficacy (P=0.031, Exp(B)=1.09), perceived response costs (P =0.003, Exp(B)=0.88), perceived reward of unsafety behavior (P=0.005, Exp(B)=0.82). The predictors of using the seatbelt for safety were intention (P<0.001, Exp(B)= 1.41), perceived response costs (P<0.001, Exp (B)=0.82), perceived reward (P=0.003, Exp(B)=0.78). The predictors of using seat-belt as law forcing was the intention (P=0.005, Exp(B)= 1.20), self-efficacy (P<0.001, Exp(B)=1.18), perceived reward (P=0.011, Exp(B)=0.82). 
Conclusion: In addition to the mandatory seat belt law which, through self-efficacy and reducing the rewards of not using the seat belt increases the seat-belt use, the convenience of the seat belt with two mechanisms for reducing the perceived barriers to seat belt and reducing the benefits and rewards of not using the seat belt in people with view of maintenance safety increases seat-belt use.

 
Keywords: Seat-belt, Protection motivation theory, Front seat passenger, Mandatory seat-belt law.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Behavior
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Soltani N, Tahmasebi R, Haghighatjoo S, Noroozi A. Effective Factors of Seat-Belt Use in Front Seat Passenger on Urban Trips of Bushehr: Application of Protection Motivation Theory. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2019; 7 (2) :220-230
URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-1088-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت ایران Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion
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