Background and Objective: Osteoporosis is a disease which is accompanied with decrease of bone mass. We know that the maximum bone mass is made up to 30 years old. The aim of this study was evaluation of the effect of education based on self-efficacy theory on the self-efficacy of osteoporosis prevention behavior in brides who were referred to pre-marriage counselling center in Zanjan in 2017. Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 138 brides were chosen by convenience sampling and assigned to three groups: two intervention groups and one control group. After filling out the questionnaire which was made by the researcher, the education content was taught orally in the first intervention group and it was taught by telegram in the second intervention group.
After two months the researcher evaluated two intervention and control groups and the data was analyzed by ANOVA in SPSS23. Result: After intervention, the mean of nutrition self-efficacy and physical activity self-efficacy in oral intervention group, was 29.1± 3.82 and 6.35± 1.52 respectively and in telegram intervention group was 29.2±2.76 and 6.71±1.41 respectively. These means had statistically significant differences with mean of nutrition self-efficacy (23.59± 5.25) and physical activity self-efficacy (5±5.25) in control group. This difference was more in telegram group than the oral group. Conclusion: The education based on self- efficacy theory by oral and telegram was effective in improving of the preventive behavior of osteoporosis. The effect of telegram is more than the oral education.
Besharti N, Jafari F, Zarei F. Comparison of the Effect of Verbal and Nonverbal Education Based on Self-Efficacy Theory on the Self-Efficacy of Osteoporosis Prevention Behavior in Brides Who Were Referred to Pre-Marriage Counselling Center in Zanjan in 2017.. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2019; 6 (4) :358-366 URL: http://journal.ihepsa.ir/article-1-918-en.html